Sourdough bread is the bread of breads. Crunchy crust, soft crumb with big holes and lots of delicious taste. People normally think that it is not possible to make at home, but it is very possible. Here is my sourdough bread recipe for beginners.
I will guide you through making your first sourdough bread. The tools you need. The techniques you need to use to get the perfect bread, and everything you need to be aware of throughout the process.
It is actually not very hard to do, but you need to be precise with the weighing off the ingredients and following the techniques.
There are no precise timings in the recipe. Instead I will explain what you need to look for, to get a bread that tastes fantastic and has a great oven spring.
If you are sourdough newbie, I hope you will try to make this sourdough bread recipe. You will get off to a great start with this fantastic bread.
If you are just here for the recipe, you can elegantly skip the entire article by pressing this button:Jump to Recipe
You need an active sourdough starter
To bake a sourdough bread you need an active sourdough starter
You need an active sourdough starter to bake this bread. A sourdough starter is a homemade form of yeast that is made by attracting wild yeast that is everywhere around us.
Sourdough starter is a living organism and needs to be kept alive, but it is pretty simple. I have made a recipe and guide to how you make your own sourdough starter. If you don’t already have a starter, you should go there and make one before you proceed with this recipe.
Tools to make sourdough breads
Before you start following this sourdough bread recipe, you need to know what tools are essential
I have assembled a list of tools that you need when you bake sourdough bread.
Most of these links will give me a bit of commision if you buy it. If you are not interested in doing that, find the tools using your favorite search engine.
Important tools – need to have’s
As a minimum you will need:
- A good bowl – This bowl is incredibly beautiful, but whatever you have in your kitchen that is big enough to hold the dough
- A bench scraper – This is used to move the sticky dough around and also to help shape it
- A dutch oven – You need a dutch oven (basically a pot that can go into the oven), because then you won’t have to have to make steam the oven, because the bread will essentially be steaming itself
- A lame – You need a super sharp knife to score the dough. This one uses a razor blade that can be replaced
- A good oven – Preferably one that can get super hot. I have one that can go to 300°C/572°F that can also steam, which is quite basic in features, because I want to do everything manually
Not so important tools – nice to have’s
Other things that are really nice to have, but you can get thing done without them:
- A baking steel – Helps keeping the temperature in the oven, even when you open the door. It’s also a great help in transferring heat to the bottom of the bread, when you don’t use a dutch oven. If you are serious about your bread baking, this is one of the first things you should consider investing in
- Round proofing baskets – They can absolutely be replaced by bowls covered in a dishtowel
- Flour shaker – Helps you put flour on the table or the dough easily.
- Jars for your starter – Love these Weck jars for my starter. Straight sides and good visibility.
- A spray bottle – Or buy a cheap plastic one at your local supermarket. This is just really sturdy and mists the water really good
- A peel – It makes it a lot easier to get a sticky piece of dough into the oven in one piece
- Silicone gloves – These gloves from Oxo are great. Great grip and can withstand a 260°C/500°F warm dutch oven for literally minutes
- Brød and Taylor Folding Proofer – Awesome way to proof your dough, even when your kitchen is a bit cold in the winter
Flour and types of flour
You can use the cheap flour from the supermarket, but to get spectacular results you should invest in quality flour
What wheat flour you are using to bake with determines how good of result you will get. The most important factor is the protein content. You need to use a bread flour with at least 12% protein in this recipe.
The protein in wheat flour is gluten, and it helps build the structure in the bread. The less protein the flower has, the harder it is for the bread to stay together and it might spread into a puddle instead of rising up. Especially as you use higher hydrations. Also, less gluten gives a more uniform crumb with smaller holes.
What flours do you use?
For bread flour I like Canadian manitoba flour, which has a high protein content and a delicious taste.
I haven’t baked with these flours myself, but they come recommended on forums and in Facebook groups, by people who post their delicious breads:
If you are in the UK you can use Marriage’s 100% Very Strong Canadian White Flour and Marriage’s Organic Strong Stoneground Wholemeal Bread Flour for great results.
If you know of excellent flours in other countries, write me and I will add them to this article.
The recipe for this sourdough bread
A good bread comes from having ingredients in the right proportions. I have chosen to create a recipe that is high hydration, but not so high that it would be very hard to handle for a beginner.
The first part of the recipe is a levain, which is essentially a young sourdough. We will use a levain, so we can better use the yeast in the starter at the most opportune moment in its growth cycle.
After it has been mixed, the yeast in your sourdough starter will start eating all the food you’ve put in (just like a regular feeding). When it has grown to the double size, it’s ready to be used in the dough.
The formula of the levain
The hydration in the levain is 100%. There’s a total of 80 grams of flour and 80 grams of water. Since the sourdough starter is 100% hydration as well, it does not change the hydration of the levain.
The proportions are as such:
|37g||sourdough starter (100% hydration)||50.0%|
The levain is a bit bigger than what is needed for the bread, so that you don’t have to scrape the sides of your container, when mixing.
The formula of the bread
The formula of the dough can be seen here. There’s a bit below 20% whole wheat flour, which brings both taste and texture to the loaf. There is enough bread flour to have lots of gluten to help the dough keep together after mixing and the stretching and folding.
There’s a good amount of salt in the dough. It will help temper the yeast, so that we can have a longer fermentation and bring out more taste in the bread. If you want to change it, I wouldn’t recommend you go below 1.8%.
If you want to change the hydration of the dough, you can use my Bread Calculator™️ here.
The secret behind fantastic sourdough bread
It is not difficult to make fantastic sourdough bread, but there are a few things you need to know
The most important things to make a beautiful, tasteful sourdough bread, can be summarized into these five rules:
- To develop a fantastic taste you need to proof and rest the bread for a long period of time. You do that by using autolyse (where only water and flour is mixed and rests for a while) and by letting the bread retard overnight in the refrigerator
- To get a crunchy crust and soft crumb you need to develop gluten in the dough. That is (also) done by using autolyse and by stretching, folding and fermenting the dough.
- To get a great oven spring, where the bread opens up and out, you need to build a membrane of gluten on the outside of your shaped dough
- You need to bake the bread very hot and with steam for the first 15-20 minutes, so that the dough can expand greatly before the crust gets hard
- Last but not least you need to have the courage to not take the bread out of the oven too early. You don’t want it to get burned, but let it stay long enough to be nice and dark, super crispy and crunchy
Development of gluten in the dough
A strong gluten network is one of the key elements to get fantastic oven spring
After you’ve mixed the dough, you need to stretch and fold the dough. This aids the development of gluten, but also helps incorporate air into the dough, that gives you those sought after holes in the crumb. Normally three times is enough, but it is important you check if the gluten is properly developed.
When you’ve done the last of three stretch and folds, you need to check the gluten development. If it is not strong enough, you need to perform additional stretch and folds.
To test the gluten development in the dough you should perform the window pane test. The goal is have a dough that is strong enough so you can pull a very thin membrane without the dough breaking:
Shaping of the dough
Another key element in oven spring is the shaping of the dough. You need to move the dough around on your table using a special technique
When you have good gluten development in the dough you need to stretch the top of the dough, so it forms a tight ball.
To shape the dough you use your bench scraper, as it helps with the dough not sticking to your hards. With a 70% hydration dough as we are working with here, it’s not overly difficult, but as you go into the 80’s it gets harder and harder, so I really think you should learn to do this the right way.
As it can be difficult to figure out from a description, I’ve made a video so you can see how it is done:
The scoring of the dough
The scoring of the bread is important, because then you get to be the one who decides where the bread expands during baking
When you score your bread your bread, you need a super sharp knife. I use a lame, that fits a razor blade, which I replace quite often.
It’s a good idea to know how you want to score the bread, before you start doing it. You need to score relatively fast and with conviction to get the best score.
I’ve made two different patterns in my two breads:
- A diamond shaped pattern. You get this by scoring three parallel lines, and then three other parallel lines that are turned about 30° from the first cuts
- A long cut in the edge of the bread, that helps the bread open when it’s being baked. This cut is one that creates an ear. Although I find it looks more like an eye
You can see how I perform the long cut here:
Baking of the sourdough bread in this recipe
Here is a couple of tips to bake the perfect sourdough bread in your home oven
To bake a beautiful sourdough bread, you will need steam. Professional ovens can inject steam into the oven chamber, but that is still pretty new for domestic ovens. You do not need a steam oven to follow this sourdough bread recipe.
The steam helps the crust stay moist, so that the bread can expand more than it would otherwise be able to. That means the bread will rise more before the crust sets and all those beautiful holes can expand properly.
The dutch oven helps the bread steam itself
The bread in this recipe will be baked in a dutch oven (basically a pot that can go in the oven). When the bread is being warmed up, the water in the dough evaporates and becomes steam. Because the dutch oven is a confined space, the steam stays directly around the bread and helps the bread rise during the beginning of the bake.
After about 15-20 minutes the effect is over and the wild yeast in your starter cannot help the bread expand further. Then you take off the lid of the dutch oven so the steam can dissipate and the heat in the oven can dry out the crust and make it super crispy.
Cooling the bread is essential to the shelf life of the loaf
I think we’ve all tried cutting into a warm loaf of bread and eating it with copious amounts of melting butter. There are good reasons to wait until the bread has cooled completely, though
When you take your piping hot bread out of the oven and put in on the wire rack, it is done yet.
While the temperature is declining in the bread, the texture is texture is still developing, because the starch molecules are releasing some of the water that they’ve absorbed during fermentation.
Furthermore, the water that is still in steam form in the bread will disappear from the bread if you cut a large hole in it while it is still cooling. The bread will then become dry faster, as there is less moisture in it.
What happens when I cut it too early?
If you cut the bread while it is still warm, you run the risk of turning the crumb rubbery. The bread can also be hard to cut without it falling apart.
When the bread has finished baking, it is important to store it correctly. It needs to cool at room temperature and not covered by anying. If you trap steam coming off the bread you risk making the crust soft.
What is the best way to store bread?
When you’ve baked the perfect sourdough bread, it would suck if the bread turns stale quickly because you haven’t stored it right
- Don’t put the bread in the refrigerator. It actually becomes stale more quickly that way, because refrigerators are a pretty dry environment.
- Don’t put your bread in a plastic bag either. The crispy crust disappears because of the evaporation of water in the bread. It’s the exact same principle that you use in the dutch oven during baking, but in reverse.
I have some bread bags that is made for storing bread, but you can just also just wrap the bread in a clean dish towel for the same effect. Last year for my birthday I got a retro bread box, which also as the same effect and it looks a lot cooler.
Can you freeze the bread?
Sourdough bread is very well suited for freezing. The stays good for at least three months, but I’ve had some that were frozen for 6 months with no ill effect.
I usually cut it into pieces and put some parchment paper in between. Then you can just grab the number of pieces you need, without having to completely thaw the entire bread.
Using this method also makes it possible to put in the toaster on the defrost function and you get delicious bread in a manner of minutes. I have this KitchenAid toaster which does a great job at both defrosting and toasting. Absolutely the best I’ve owned.
To sum up this sourdough bread recipe
This sourdough bread recipe is what is called high hydration (anything above 65% relative water content), but absolutely in the low end of what is possible to make. The more water, relative to flour, the larger holes and the softer the texture.
When you put more water in the dough, it gets harder to work with (think pancake dough), so this recipe is a good place to start, I think. When you’ve mastered all the techniques, you can start changing to even higher hydration doughs.
Here is a picture of the crumb, in this bread:
The taste is fantastic. The overnight retarding helped develop a great taste. A bit of a sour note from the starter, but not overwhelming. The whole-wheat flour brings a nutty aroma, and this bread can be eaten just by itself, and it is a pleasure.
The crumb is nice and soft, with medium sized holes. The crust crunches perfectly and is super crispy. It is a really delicious bread.
Start making fantastic bread at home
Even if you are a beginner baker, you should try this sourdough bread recipe. You now have all the knowledge that you need after you’ve read this article.
If you bake this bread and post it on Instagram, please tag me with @foodgeek.dk. So I can see what you’ve made. It would make me very happy.
Sourdough bread for beginners
- 40 grams bread flour
- 40 grams wholegrain wheat flour
- 40 grams sourdough (100% hydration)
- 80 grams water
- 686 grams bread flour
- 152 grams wholegrain wheat flour
- 559 grams water
- 185 grams levain
- 19 grams salt
- The night before you make the levain, make sure to feed your sourdough. I usually take 50 grams of sourdough and mix it with 100 grams bread flour and 100 grams of water and mix it well
- In the morning you should mix the levain. Mix all ingredients and put it into a tall see-through glass. Put an elastic band around the glass so you can monitor the growth of the levain
- Cover the glass and put the levain somewhere warm. Preferably around 25°C/77°F
- When the levain has grown to around 175% go to the next step
- To do the autolyse all we need to do is mix water and flour
- Measure out all the flour in a bowl and all the water except 50 grams that we reserve for mixing in the levain and salt later. Mix it but don’t knead, just get all flour hydrated
- Cover the flour and leave it until your levain has doubled in size. It took about 1 hour for my levain.
Mix the dough
- Put 185 grams of the levain on top of the dough. Spread the salt over the top and add the reserved 50 grams of water
- Mix it all very thoroughly. I usually use my fingers and push the levain through the dough and do some light stretch and folds. I keep repeating until I feel like it’s been mixed very well
- Cover the dough and leave it to rest 30 minutes somewhere warm
- It’s time for the bulk fermentation. During the fermentation we develop the doughs gluten and get air into the dough. With this dough 3 stretch and folds are usually enough
- Wet your hands so that the dough doesn’t stick to your fingers
- Grab the size of the dough furthest away from you with both hands. Grab a hold and strech the dough upwards as long as it can go without breaking. Then fold the dough down towards yourself
- Turn the bowl 180 degress (a half turn)
- Do another stretch and fold
- Turn the bowl 90 degress (a quater turn)
- Do another stretch and fold
- Lastly you should turn the bowl 180 degress (a half turn)
- Repeat the last stretch and fold
- You have now stretched and folded the dough from all four sides. Leave the dough to rest somewhere warm, covered, for another 30 minutes
- Repeat this process two times more
- After the third stretch and fold, I will do a window pane test. Lift and edge of the dough and stretch it with your fingers. You should be able to make a thin membrane without the dough breaking. Look at the video in the article
- If the dough still isn’t strong enough to pass the test, I do a 4th stretch and fold and repeat the test. Do this up to the 5th and 6th stretch and fold.
- After the last stretch and fold you should leave the dough until it’s grown by 20-50% (usually 1½ hours)
- First we are shaping the dough to build a gluten membrane on the top of the dough. This will help the oven spring during baking
- Pour the dough unto an unfloured table and divide it in half. Put a sprinkle of flour on top of both
- Grab a lump of dough and flip it using your bench scraper so that the floured side is now on the table top
- Grab the part of the dough that us the furthest away from you. Stretch it and fold down in front of you
- Repeat with the part that is right in front of you. Grab the dough with both hands and stretch it and fold it away from you. Repeat with the right and left sides of the dough
- In a swift motion invite the dough so that the part you previously floured is now turned up
- Put your bench scraper behind the dough and pull it towards yourself. I hold the scraper in my right hand and I guide the dough with my left. The front of the dough should be pulled underneath and the top of the dough should tighten
- Now put the scraper in front of the dough and push it forward while twisting, so that the scraper ends up behind the dough. You can now repeat the process in the previous step
- Repeat until you have a nice round and taut boule (ball). Pop any big bubbles you see on the surface
- Repeat with the other lump of dough. Let them rest 15 minutes under a cloth
Prepare the bannetons
- Make a mixture of half bread flour and half rice flour
- Put a dish towel in the bannetons. If you don’t have one, you can absolutely use a bowl
- Put some of the flour mixture in a strainer and flour the bannetons. It’s better to use too much than too little
- We do the final shaping to make sure the dough is super strong
- Take a boule and sprinkle it very lightly with flour on the top
- Flip it using your bench scaper so that the floured side is against the table
- Repeat the process from the preshaping
- When you have finished the shaping, grab the boule with your scraper and invert it into the banneton. The bottom should be up
- Repeat with the other boule and place it in the banneton
- Sprinkle the dough liberally with rice flour and put the bannetons into separate bags. Make sure you get some air in there so that the plastic does not get into contact with the dough
- Place in the fridge overnight
Heat the oven – next morning
- Place a baking stone/baking steel in the oven and put your dutch oven on top. Turn the oven to 260°C/500°F. If it doesn’t go that high, put it to maximum
- Heat the oven for at least an hour. We want the steel/stone and dutch oven to be completely warmed through
Bake the bread
- Take a banneton our of the fridge
- Put a piece of baking paper on top of your peel and put it on top of the banneton
- Turn it over and carefully lift the banneton off the dough
- Slash the dough using a super sharp knife
- Open the oven and move the dough to the dutch oven
- Spray the top of your dough lightly with your spray bottle
- Put on the lid and close the oven
- Bake for 15 minutes
- Remove the lid so the bread can get some color. Turn the oven down to 230°C/450°F. I usually bake for another 20-25 minutes for this bread. I love it when the crust gets dark and crunchy.
- Remove the bread from the oven and let it cool on a wire rack for at least one our, but preferably until it is COMPLETELY cooled off.
- Turn the oven back up to 260°C/500°F. When it is hot, repeat the procedure for the other bread
- All you have to do is wait until the breads are completely cooled off, and get yourself ready for the best bread you’ve ever baked
The hydration of the sourdough starterI assume that your sourdough is 100% hydration. That means that when you feed it, you use the same amount of flour and water (by weight). If you use a lower or higher hydration, you need to recalculate the levain. It’s a bit over the level of what we are going through here, because this recipe is supposed to be for beginners. If you want play with the breads recipe, you can use my bread calculator here.
The hydration of the breadThe hydration of the bread is 70%. That means there is 70% water to 100% flour. You calculate it like this:
- The levain is 100% hydration, which means there is 50% flour and 50% water
- Total flour by weight = 686 grams bread flour + 152 grams whole-wheat flour + (185 grams flour / 2) from the levain = 930.5 gram
- Total fluid by weight = 559 grams water + (185 grams water / 2) from the levain = 651.5 gram
- Percent = 651.5 grams water / 930.5 grams flour = 70,01%
I am crazy about food, cakes, snacks and everything in between. I love to do tons of experiments to find the best recipe, so that you don’t have to.